Contemporary women artists in Myanmar : issues in gender, motherhood and nation in the work of Phyu Mon, Chaw El Thein, Ma El and Nge Lay

Mol, Marie-Pierre (2014) Contemporary women artists in Myanmar : issues in gender, motherhood and nation in the work of Phyu Mon, Chaw El Thein, Ma El and Nge Lay. Masters thesis, LASALLE College of the Arts.

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Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Title: Contemporary women artists in Myanmar : issues in gender, motherhood and nation in the work of Phyu Mon, Chaw El Thein, Ma El and Nge Lay
Synopsis:

Myanmar’s opening to the outside world represents an opportunity to better assess the evolution of art since the mid 1990s and how women have contributed to it. Historical documents available since the Pagan era show that Myanmar women enjoyed more freedom and economic independence than women in neighbouring countries. However, the military coup in 1962 and the military rule, which lasted until 2011, affected the roles of women in society. In response to the constraints imposed on women in a male-centric society, some Myanmar women artists have used art to address social and political issues, and to create a space for themselves. Contemporary forms of expression, such as performance art, installations and photography were fast adopted by women artists since the mid 1990s. Inspired by some international vanguard practices, Myanmar women artists have chosen to use a visual vocabulary deeply anchored in local tradition and culture for instance by using Buddhist images and symbolism or involving community. They are distinctly Myanmar in the way they embody and transmit tradition, a local sense of spirituality, morality and ethics as well as in the way they adopt a collaborative approach with the community. They are contemporary by their conceptual approach and thematic content. Even under the very strict censorship of the military regime, some artworks conceived by women artists advocated for freedom of expression and referred to gender issues. Although the artworks created by these women artists are not inspired by a feminist agenda, the leitmotiv of their themes justifies considering them as a group.

Subjects: Art History
Divisions: Faculty of Fine Arts > Master - Asian Art Histories
Depositing User: Ms Ashalatha Krishnan
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2015 03:50
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 03:50
URI: http://drlib.lasalle.edu.sg/id/eprint/354

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